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The name Romania derives from the Latin adjective romanus (Roman). The Roman Empire identified the conquered areas with the Latin word Romània.

The name Romania is officially used to name the lands of the current state only since the second half of the nineteenth century. Previously there was talk of Wallachia (Terra Romena – Ţara Româneascǎ in Romanian) and Moldavia to name the principalities with Romanian population.

Where the name Wallachian derives from the terms Vlah, Walsch, etc. used by the Germanic and Slavic populations to name all the Latin-speaking European peoples, the Wallachians called themselves Romans.

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