What does “inviolable human rights” mean?
Rights recognized by the Constitution that pre-exist the legal system, concerning the fundamental freedoms and values of the human person, inherent to it and in any way violable. Therefore they are:
– indispensable, inalienable, non-transferable and imprescriptible;
– defined as first generation;
– generally unlimited: the limitation on their exercise is allowed only in exceptional cases, temporarily and through compliance with procedures guaranteed by the Constitution;
– withdrawn from constitutional revision;
– referring to citizens and foreigners, both to the individual man and to the social formations in which he carries out his life.
Art. 2 of the Constitution is therefore the application of the general principle of the free development of the personality, and is considered an open norm that characterizes the democratic state.